Published by Blavatsky Study Center.  Online Edition copyright 2003.

More about the Judge "Diary"

by H.N. Stokes

[Reprinted from O.E. Library Critic (Washington, D.C.), December 1932, pp. 6-9.]

In the September CRITIC attention was called to the fact that a series of loose sheets, in Judge's writing, has been found at Point Loma, containing all of the quotations made by Mr. Hargrove in 1896 in support of Katherine Tingley, the authenticity of which quotations had been called in question by Mr. E.A. Neresheimer and others.  It was also stated that I had received photographs of several of these sheets, containing parts of eight paragraphs quoted by Mr. Hargrove, and that with the cooperation of friends I had compared these with several personal letters from Judge in their possession, our conclusion being that they were unquestionably written by Judge himself, and that therefore the Hargrove quotations were authentic.

Several questions arise in connection with these documents:

1.  Does the particular sign used in these purported communications from the discarnate H.P.B. and designated by Hargrove as "Promise", really refer to Mrs. Tingley as he supposed, or to some other person?

2.  How did Judge get these communications?  Were they received psychically while alone, or were they dictated to him by Mrs. Tingley herself, acting as a "medium", or perhaps by some other person?

3.  Did Judge accept these so-called communications from H.P.B. as genuine, including their commendations of the personage called "Promise" by Hargrove?

Answering the first question, the sign referred to in the original loose sheets which I have designated by an "X", to avoid making a special cut, consists of a sloping line crossed by three short lines.  The documents are in Judge's handwriting and the sign is referred to by Hargrove as "Promise," supposed to be Mrs. Tingley.  In the archives at Point Loma there are numerous letters from Judge and others to Mrs. Tingley, or about her, in which she is specifically designated by this sign.  Owing to the absence of the Point Loma staff in England these are not accessible at the present time and I therefore present in proof thereof the two following certificates:


This is to certify that, during the later years of William Q. Judge's life, i.e., from 1892 until his death in 1896, I was his Private Secretary; that during the greater part of the period between 1896 and 1929, when Katherine Tingley died, I was her Private Secretary; that for many years last past I have been Secretary General of The Theosophical Society, Point Loma; that to my personal knowledge, William Q. Judge frequently referred to Katherine Tingley in letters written to her and about her by the signs X [see above] and 13; that there are such letters in my custody at the present time in the archives of The Theosophical Society, Point Loma.

Subscribed by me this 29th day of December, 1932, at Oakley House, Bromley Common, Kent, England.



This is to certify that, during the later years of Katherine Tingley's life and until her death in 1929 I served her as amanuensis; that since that date I have been and am now Private Secretary to Dr. G. de Purucker; that there are, to my certain knowledge, in the private files of Katherine Tingley's correspondence in the archives of The Theosophical Society, Point Loma, numerous letters from various Theosophists, some from William Q. Judge, many from E.A. Neresheimer, and some from others, in which the symbol X [see above] is used in addressing Katherine Tingley and in talking about her.

Subscribed by me this 29th day of December, 1932, at Oakley House, Bromley Common, Kent, England.


It is therefore clear that the person referred to by Hargrove in the E.S.T. circular of April 3rd, 1896, as "Promise", and about whom Judge received supposed communications from the dead H.P.B., was no other than Katherine Tingley, said communications having been written down by Judge himself.  The figure "13" used in one of the loose sheets (see below) also refers to Mrs. Tingley.

To question 2, there is no evidence at hand at present to establish positively whether Judge received these messages while alone by some psychic or other process, or whether they were given to him by some medium, possibly Mrs. Tingley herself.   Most of them were received early in January, 1895, while Judge was in New York, and probably Mrs. Tingley likewise.  That is, there is no evidence at hand to convert the view that it was Mrs. Tingley herself who inspired these messages.

As to question 3, there can be no doubt that Judge regarded them as genuine communications from the discarnate H.P.B., unless, indeed, we make the highly improbable and derogatory assumption that Judge himself "concocted" them to use the word applied by Mr. Neresheimer to Messrs. Hargrove and Fussell.  The evidence of this is to be found in the letter from Judge to Mrs. Tingley printed in the October CRITIC, and in his letter to Dr. Archibald Keightley with the accompanying document, both printed in the November CRITIC.  As space is lacking to reproduce them here, the reader is referred to those two issues of the CRITIC.

To repeat, all of these documents are in Judge's handwriting, but just here is to be noted an important fact.  Some of the sentences in the Judge document sent to Keightley and quoted by Hargrove are also found in the loose sheet photographs in my possession, which are also in Judge's handwriting.  But - and this is a very significant point - the message sent by Judge to Keightley and as quoted by Hargrove, as well as other Hargrove quotations, differ in a few trifling verbal respects from the photographs, yet both are in Judge's writing.  To make this clear I set the two versions side by side.  The numbers refer to the successive sheets.  I have enclosed in brackets ( [ ] ) the portions of the photographs which were quoted by Judge to Dr. Keightley (letter in November CRITIC) and requoted by Hargrove.   These, then, are found twice in Judge's writing.  Doubtless if I had photographs of the entire series of loose sheets there would be more.  The brackets do not occur in the originals:

As given in the loose sheets As presented by Hargrove
4)  Jan 2
[if we had been more together have
come up before me & I have learned
much.  I am, next to the American
work, interested in Spain.  Ireland
will take care of itself.  There in
Spain in the pine woods I have
found a lodge which I knew something
about before I went away.
There 7 chelas and the light they

[if we had been more together have
come up before me and I have learned
much.  I am, next to the American
work, interested in Spain.  Ireland
can take care of itself.  In the pine
woods I have found a Lodge which
I knew something of before I went
away.  There seven chelas and the
light they
show that some day will be better
known I will describe to you at our
next meeting  there is much connected
with it that can be used for
irradiating causes in this country. 
Be sure that at next meeting this
is not forgotten.  Slowly the light
from this Lodge is being thrown
over Spain & I see that from the]

show that some day will be better
known, I will describe to you at our
next meeting.  There is much connected
with it that can be used for
irradiating forces in this country.
for there is a subtle connection.  Be
sure that at our next meeting this
is not forgotten.  Slowly the light
from this Lodge is being thrown
over Spain, and I see that from the]
you can make X what you wish &
the truthfulness of X spirit & devotion
to us will make X useful.  Keep
X well in the background  In outer
work X is our mystery  [The light
I mentioned in Spain is of 7 sides
with a purple yellow light on each

you can make what you will of
"Promise," for the truthfulness of
spirit and devotion to us that are
there will make it a good instrument.
But keep it well in the background.
In outer work "Promise" is our mystery.
  [The light mentioned in Spain is
of seven sides, with a yellow and a
purple light.  On each of]
[with sustaining points & leave the
rest to us.  This is to your questions
of last night.]  I can do well
now with 13.  I can do better in
time.  [I will touch upon minor
points they will take care of themselves
Master is not after the little
points.  Let our eyes turn to the
American future of theosophy.]

[with sustaining points and leave
the rest to us.  This is to your
questions of last night.]
I can do better in time here.  [I
will not touch upon minor points;
they will take care of themselves.
Master is not after minor points.
Let our eyes turn to the American
future of Theosophy.]

The explanation of the whole matter is simple enough.  The loose sheets at Point Loma are the original notes taken down by Judge on a scratch pad at the moment of receiving the communication, and so hastily written that he neglected the punctuation and even the word "not" in sheet No. 10.  These were then copied by Judge with slight emendations, forming the version accessible to Hargrove, whether in diary form or not matters nothing.  Could anything be simpler?

We must conclude then, I think, that we have the indisputable evidence in Judge's handwriting:

1.  That he received a series of communications which he accepted as coming from H.P.B.

2.  That in these communications a person designated as "X" or "13" was spoken of in high terms by H.P.B., and who is proved to be Mrs. Tingley.

3.  That Judge copied these loose scratch pad sheets or memoranda either into a diary or in some other form, making slight corrections.  This - not the original memoranda - was quoted by Hargrove, and a portion copied and sent to Dr. Keightley.  The diary, or whatever it was, has not been located to date, but Mr. Neresheimer's claim that because he possesses a Judge diary which does not contain them, therefore no such record existed and that the Hargrove quotations were fraudulent, falls through.

4.  That Judge wrote familiar letters to Mrs. Tingley, indicating the high esteem in which he held her.

The theory has been advanced that the whole series of documents are forgeries made by some designing person.  We must assume that the forger wrote in Judge's handwriting a sham letter to Dr. Keightley, accompanied by a sham document, which Dr. Keightley would certainly have discovered later; that he wrote sham letters to Mrs. Tingley, and deposited the "messages" among Judge's papers, also at the imminent risk of discovery.  Such a person would be a fool or a madman.

The photographs of the loose sheets as quoted above, however, afford conclusive evidence of genuineness.  Suppose a forger to have started by making a preliminary scratch pad draft of a document which he proposed to forger.  Is it likely when he wrote in such haste as to neglect the full stops, that he would have taken the trouble to imitate Judge's writing at the same time?  Don't believe it.   The rough draft would be in his own writing and he would have reserved his imitation of Judge's handwriting to the finished product.  Yet the whole series, the rough notes and the transcript sent to Dr. Keightley are in Judge's writing, and the photographs are witness to this being the case with the original notes.

The United Lodge of Theosophists' anonymous book, The Theosophical Movement, regarded by that association as the final word on theosophical history - which will not tolerate even the suggestion that Judge claimed to have had communications from the dead H.P.B. or that he was on intimate terms with Mrs. Tingley and which spends pages in trying to prove that eight members of the New York E.S.T. of hitherto unblemished reputations, and several of them close associates of Judge, were either knaves or fools - makes much of the fact that in the E.S.T. circular of April 3rd, 1896, "in no place is the specific statement made that any of the alleged 'proofs' were in Mr. Judge's own handwriting." (page 667.)  This is quite true, but why should this have been done?  Does any biographer go to the pains of assuring his readers that every personal letter he quotes is in his subject's own handwriting?  Quite naturally the gentlemen whose honor or common-sense is questioned by The Theosophical Movement took it for granted that that would be understood.

To sum up.  The evidence is that Judge received and accepted as genuine what he regarded as communications from H.P.B., dead nearly four years; that these, quoted by Hargrove and endorsed by several others who claimed to have seen the documents, were highly laudatory of Katherine Tingley and accepted as such by Judge, and that Judge conferred with Mrs. Tingley and sought her advice on certain matters contained in them and sent portions to the London E.S.T.  It now remains for those whose exalted opinion of Judge precludes such possibilities to wriggle out as best they can, or to retract publicly their slanderous charges against brother theosophists, or, else, which is far more likely, to decline to look facts in the face.

In conclusion I repeat what I have said before, that I have no interest whatever in taking sides with Mrs. Tingley and Point Loma, or - as some may interpret it - in reflecting on Mr. Judge.  I am only interested in getting at the facts and in defending, if possible brother theosophists against unjust accusations.

See next article  by H.N. Stokes. . . .

Return to Table of Contents of H.N. Stoke's
"William Q. Judge and Katherine Tingley" series of articles